Raspberry Pi 5 Review

Harder, Better, Faster, Stronger

by Bret
Published: Last Updated on 40 minutes read

It’s been more than 4 years since we received the Pi 4 and it’s had a good run (if you could get one when you wanted it) but it’s now time to pass on the baton. My Raspberry Pi 5 review will cover a wide range of areas, with comparisons to some of the existing options available on the market, and help you decide whether the Raspberry Pi Foundation’s latest offering is the one for you.

Whilst I’m comparing a range of other boards such as the older sibling, the Raspberry Pi 4, the Libre Computer Alta, Radxa’s ROCK 5B, and an Intel N100 system, I’ll be focusing my thoughts and comments throughout this article on the Raspberry Pi 5, so let’s get to it!

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - Board & Box

Raspberry Pi 5 Review: Getting Started

Available Operating Systems

The community and support that the Raspberry Pi ecosystem has had over the last 10+ years has meant that the number of operating systems available to you is endless. You’ll definitely find something for you! On top of that, everything is packaged into one neat system called the Raspberry Pi Imager.

The most likely option for most of you will be the official Raspberry Pi OS image and this is available in both 32/64-bit builds and can be downloaded with or without a desktop environment.

image 12

If Raspberry Pi OS isn’t your thing though you have a wide range of alternatives such as Ubuntu, Apertis, RISC OS, and a number of media/game emulation systems with the usual suspects covered.

Writing an Image

Thanks to the previously mentioned Raspberry Pi Imager, writing an image to your choice of boot media is extremely simple. Once you’ve made a decision on the operating system, simply choose the storage device you wish to write to (double-check it’s the correct one just in case!) and then press write.

Raspberry Pi Imager UI

Power Supply Notice

At this point, I should mention that the Raspberry Pi 5 has been developed with a 5.1V 5A power supply “requirement”. I say “requirement” as whilst it will boot and operate with a lower spec power supply, you need at least 5V3A to prevent the USB ports from being current limited to 600mA. This isn’t enough to boot your Raspberry Pi 5 from USB so you’ll need to ensure you have something a bit beefier. Whilst I’m sure they have their reasons and it’s a little annoying to say, the best option is likely going to be the official Raspberry Pi 27W PSU if you’re looking to push it with multiple peripherals.

Raspberry Pi 5 Official 27W PSU

Cooling Options

Given the higher power draw from the 2.4GHz Cortex-A76 SoC, it naturally pumps out a lot more heat so cooling is a much more important area to look into and Raspberry Pi has acknowledged this by offering an official heatsink and fan combo (which we’ll be testing further down). They’re relatively inexpensive so I’d recommend picking one up from your local distributor at the same time as ordering, though do make sure that it’s compatible with any case options you’re looking into before pressing Buy Now.

Raspberry Pi 5 Active Cooler

An interesting addition to the Pi 5’s official case offering is that it now includes a PWM fan that runs on the same logic as the active cooler above. Under 60c should mean the fan is not running, though when testing, I found mixed results with that.

pi 5 in case

Raspberry Pi 5 Benchmarks

The specifications below are those of the boards that I actually have and conducted testing on, so I should point out that there are differing amounts of RAM across them all and this should be factored in, especially when we look at the RAM tests. In most computing tests though we should be OK, just take things with a small pinch of salt. This isn’t supposed to be an incredibly precise comparison, it’s supposed to give you a good idea of what to expect with your new Raspberry Pi 5 board compared to the Alta-natives available.

Raspberry Pi 44x 1.5GHz ARM Cortex-A722GB LPDDR4 (3200MHz)
Libre Computer Alta4x 2GHz ARM Cortex-A73 + 2x 2GHz ARM Cortex-A534GB LPDDR4
Raspberry Pi 54x 2.4GHz ARM Cortex-A764GB LPDDR4X (4267MHz)
Radxa ROCK 5B4x 2.4GHz ARM Cortex-A76 + 4x 1.8GHz ARM Cortex-A558GB LPDDR4X (4224MHz)
Intel N1004x 2.8GHz x86 (3.1GHz single-core boost)16GB LPDDR5 (5000MHz)

We’re running the latest version of Raspberry Pi OS 64-bit Lite for these tests and the kernel at that time was 6.1.0-rpi4-rpi-2712 (2023-10-05). If there’s a single-core benchmark result for a board that has a big.LITTLE configuration (2 different types of CPU cores) then the value is for the fastest available. A Noctua fan handled all of the cooling throughout actual testing, as usual, though in specific cooling tests, this was naturally turned off. I also utilised the performance governor used across the board.

Geekbench 6

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - Geekbench 6 Benchmark


Raspberry Pi 5 Review - UnixBench


Raspberry Pi 5 Review - cpuminer

PassMark PerformanceTest (Overall Scores)

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - PassMark Performance Test

As we can see throughout these tests, the Pi 5 is a considerable improvement over the Raspberry Pi 4, and it edges ahead of the Libre Computer Alta. However if single-core performance is what you’re interested in, the Raspberry Pi 5 gives the ROCK 5B a good fight, thanks to them both having 2.4GHz A76 cores. The ROCK’s additional 4 A55 cores leave it for dust in most multi-core tests.

The N100 results being here seems a little unfair in all honesty, but I felt it would be nice to include them given the whole “buy a mini PC!” rhetoric during the Pi 4 shortages. If you’re interested in a deeper dive, you can see how the ROCK 5B fared against the Intel N100 in a larger range of tests here.


RJ45 EthernetWiFi
Raspberry Pi 41x 1GbitInfineon CYW43455
Libre Computer Alta1x 1GbitN/A
Raspberry Pi 51x 1GbitInfineon CYW43455
Radxa ROCK 5B1x 2.5GbitRealtek RTL8852BE (Addon)
Intel N1002x 1GbitRealtek RTL8821CE


Nothing too crazy to write home about in terms of RJ45 Ethernet, as you’d expect at this point. All of the tested boards were able to reach their real-world maximum throughput, with the ROCK 5B storming ahead on the count of it being the only 2.5Gbit equipped board in the lineup.

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - Ethernet Speed Test


WiFi’s a slightly different story though as we have a mixed bag of options. The Raspberry Pi options both have onboard connectivity, whereas the Libre Computer Alta has no WiFi onboard and no included WiFi adapter so that misses out in this table. The Radxa ROCK 5B requires an M.2 WiFi card to be purchased, so we’re using the official Radxa option and for the N100 machine, an M.2 card was included in the price.

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - WiFi Speed Test

You may have noticed that the WiFi chip is the same on both the Pi 4 and Pi 5, so how does the Pi 5 perform so much faster in WiFi tests? Well, this is because the Infineon CYW43455 chip on the Pi 5 is connected to an upgraded SDIO interface and has its own power supply rail so it’s not sharing with other components. Bravo.

Not to spoil an upcoming piece where I look at this in more detail, but I did observe around a 10% drop in WiFi performance on the Pi 5 when in use with the official case. Even with that, it’s well ahead of what the Pi 4 can put out!

USB Ethernet

As a bit of a bonus, I thought it would be good to test a Realtek RTL8156BG USB Ethernet adapter seeing as the Pi 5 has some upgraded USB3 Type-A ports available. The adapter I bought is available on Amazon UK and has the updated RTL8156BG chip in it, so it does actually do 2.5Gbps (tested in multiple devices) so is a good test of what these little SoCs can pump out.

I’ll only compare the Pi 4 and Pi 5 here (the other boards all hit the max of 2.35Gbps with no problem if you’re curious) to show the jump but if you’re looking for some high-speed networking, an adapter like this may be the way to go.

raspberry pi 5 review usb ethernet benchmark


The Raspberry Pi 5 offers us faster microSD card performance compared to its predecessors, though it’s still behind the alternatives that offer eMMC and M.2 connections for NVMe drives. The Pi 5 does expose a PCIe (Gen 2 with 1 lane) connection, though it’s in a format that will require adapters or a HAT to be useful to most users. An official M.2 NVMe hat looks to be in the works and as soon as I’m able to get my hands on it, I’ll take a look!

microSD CardeMMCNative M.2/NVMe
Raspberry Pi 4YesNoNo
Libre Computer AltaYesYesNo
Raspberry Pi 5YesNoNo (available with unreleased HAT)
Radxa ROCK 5BYesYesYes
Intel N100NoNoYes

microSD Card

For now, though, we’ll take a look at the microSD card performance in the Raspberry Pi 5 and compare it to the other boards that offer this connector. I’ve taken this table straight from my Best Raspberry Pi 5 microSD Cards post so you may have seen this already but it’s still well worth including here too.

Sequential Read (MB/s)Sequential Write (MB/s)Random Read (MB/s)Random Write (MB/s)
Sandisk Ultra (8GB)29.719.646.270.62
Sandisk Ultra (16GB)41.811.1212.422.53
Sandisk Ultra (32GB)39.3914.4912.842.57
Sandisk Extreme (64GB)43.9928.6912.764.26
Sandisk Extreme PRO (128GB)39.8928.5511.964.08
Kingston Canvas Select Plus (32GB)64.1618.1210.32.53
KIOXIA EXCERIA (32GB)40.6313.3915.026.18
Samsung EVO Plus (32GB)69.917.3714.872.42
Amazon Basics (64GB)67.3441.3723.236.84
Amazon Basics (128GB)67.225.8921.176.67
Verbatim Premium (16GB)36.029.7312.463.47
SanDisk MAX ENDURANCE (32GB)43.1223.6911.723.86
Integral ultima PRO (64GB)17.8414.086.425.86
Patriot EP Series (64GB)70.7531.6611.743.58
Kodak (64GB)44.4821.935.741.34
Intenso (64GB)71.1733.8522.146.43
Transcend (32GB)78.4620.1319.275.07
Samsung EVO Select (32GB)69.0616.7116.582.7
Samsung PRO Plus (128GB)59.3327.0518.713.09
SanDisk HIGH ENDURANCE (64GB)38.720.698.793.43
Samsung PRO Endurance (32GB)69.7920.217.752.7
Silicon Power 3D NAND (32GB)61.9818.9619.133.93
Western Digital Purple QD101 (32GB)33.8816.9510.674.0

Power Consumption

The Raspberry Pi 5’s BCM2712 is a Cortex-A76 chip with 4 2.4GHz cores, so it’s on the faster end of what’s available, however, it also comes out of a 16nm manufacturing process (the Rockchip RK3588 is 8nm for comparison) meaning that things aren’t quite as efficient as they could be and I think the next couple of graphs may help to show that.

As usual, stress-ng is used with –matrix 0 to give the SoC a real hammering.

NOTE: I’m using the performance governor here throughout power consumption testing to squeeze everything out so this is a “worst-case” scenario that most won’t run into but it’s useful nonetheless. If you don’t change this on your Pi, your values will differ.

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - Power Consumption


You’ve seen the power consumption numbers, now it’s time to see what they mean in terms of heat output. I think it’s fair to say that we all know what was coming when they released an official active cooler/heatsink combo, as well as throwing in a heatsink and fan to their official case package.

The graph below includes the usual bare (please don’t do this) board numbers, a 120mm Noctua fan (for science), the official Pi 5 case, and the new active cooler. Stay tuned, though, as I’ll be doing a separate, standalone piece with more information on different governors and the different cooling options soon!

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - Temperature Data

In terms of thermal throttling on the Pi 5, under full load and no cooling, it took just 9 seconds to thermally throttle and once it hit 85c shortly after, it dropped to a frequency of 1.5GHz and was drawing only 6.9 watts. With the Noctua fan that I use as standard for my testing (bare SoC, Noctua fan 2cm above it) it took 4 minutes to begin throttling down to 2311MHz and settled around 83 degrees celsius, where it was running at 2256MHz.

Pricing & Availability

Where do I start on this one? I was perhaps a little naive and when I saw a shipping date on the pre-order (placed within 30 minutes of the announcement being made) I was expecting everything to be OK. Alas, I received a notice that the shipment had been delayed and I wasn’t the only one, as it seems many distributors outside of the UK pushed these back.

I’m hoping that the situation gets sorted out in the next few weeks as I’m sure plenty of people will be looking at these for Christmas presents!

Raspberry Pi 5 Review - Official Pi 5 Case

At launch though we’ve seen both 4GB and 8GB Pi 5 models available, along with a range of new accessories. The stock seems to have been a bit iffy, with pre-orders feeling rushed and distributors being inundated with far more orders than their allocated shipments can cover but hopefully in the run-up to Christmas things get a little better.

You can find your local reseller/distributor via the Raspberry Pi’s own reseller list as there’d be far too many to list! Do check a couple of the larger ones though if your local one is struggling as some stores (Pimoroni and DigiKey for example) do seem to ship worldwide so if they have stock and you don’t mind the waiting times/potential customs fees, it could be an option.

Raspberry Pi 5 (4GB)$60 USD
Raspberry Pi 5 (8GB)$80 USD
Official Pi 5 27W Power Supply$12 USD
Official Pi 5 Active Cooler$5 USD
Official Pi 5 Case with Fan$10 USD
Official Pi 5 RTC Battery$5 USD
Official Display/Camera Cables (200, 300, 500mm)$1 USD, $2 USD, $3 USD
pi5 case fan


Raspberry Pi 5 vs Intel N100

Thanks to the bump in clock speeds on the Raspberry Pi 5, it does get a considerable boost in performance but it’s still a far way off from the Intel N100 and that’s to be expected.

As I mentioned in my N100 vs RK3588 comparison, there are different use cases for both machines and I think a lot of Raspberry Pi fans will be wanting the Pi 5 regardless of how they perform against this x86 option and I really don’t blame them. If you want a fun platform to create with, a Pi 5 is your best option. If you’re looking for pure computing power, the N100 is going to offer you 2-3x the performance for not much more financial outlay (with power, cases, cooling, etc considered)

Raspberry Pi 5 vs Raspberry Pi 4

Given there’s been over 4 years between the Pi 4 and Pi 5, performance gains were to be expected and we’re indeed seeing a big jump with the Raspberry Pi 5. In Geekbench 6 we’re seeing 3x the performance on both single and multi-core workloads, PassMark has the Pi 5 over 4x faster on the CPU side and twice as fast on RAM tests. UnixBench is 2-3x faster across workloads.

It does come at the expense of extra heat and a need to purchase additional cooling if you’re looking to do anything somewhat intensive (so no worries if you’re going to throw it in a draw, or simply run Pi-Hole but if you’re going to do the latter, perhaps save your money and go with an older model) and that should be taken into account.

If you want the performance, the Raspberry Pi 5 is the Pi for you, especially if you’re going to look to take advantage of the PCIe connection!

Performance Per Dollar

As we have some wildly different price points in play here, it makes sense to add some context to what you get for your money as the numbers may not tell the whole story. I’ll be taking the multi-core scores from the compute benchmark tests above for this comparison.

The prices I’ll use for the comparison are below. These aren’t necessarily the RRP of the boards, more the price that you can get them from official retailers for as of today. These also excluded any VAT/sales tax and were correct on the day of publishing (20/11/2023).

Raspberry Pi 4Libre Computer AltaRaspberry Pi 5ROCK 5BIntel N100

Geekbench 6

Now the performance per dollar is where we start to see the gains on the Raspberry Pi 5 come to life. With 29 points per dollar, it more than doubles the Pi 4’s score and is well beyond others across the board.

raspberry pi 5 review performance per dollar geekbench6 data 1


Whilst still up there in joint 2nd with the Intel N100, the Libre Computer Alta actually pips the rest to the post when it comes to UnixBench. Not to say that the Alta is miles ahead, but it’s interesting to see at least. More interestingly, it’s neck and neck with the N100!

raspberry pi 5 review performance per dollar unixbench data 1


The number one spot has been regained on the cpuminer-multi test when it comes to performance per dollar but only just. You’ll probably make a few cents extra

raspberry pi 5 review performance per dollar cpuminer data 1

PassMark Performance Test

I’ve only included the CPU portion of this test here but the familiar trend continues, with Raspberry Pi 5 up at the top of the ARM challengers, only behind the Intel for the first time in these comparisons.

raspberry pi 5 review performance per dollar passmark data 1

Performance Per Watt

In a similar vein to the per-dollar performance, we’ll be using the full load (on multi-core) figures for power consumption in watts to get our data.

NOTE: These values were recorded whilst using the performance CPU governor, not the default ondemand. If you do not use the performance governor, your power consumption numbers will differ.

Raspberry Pi 4Libre Computer AltaRaspberry Pi 5ROCK 5BIntel N100
4.84 watts7.5 watts11.6 watts11 watts21.4 watts

Geekbench 6

As expected, the Raspberry Pi 5 starts to lag behind when we change from performance per dollar to performance per watt.

raspberry pi 5 review performance per watt geekbench6 data


The worrying trend continues when it comes to UnixBench, with performance only being just ahead of the Pi 4 when you count the power used.



raspberry pi 5 review performance per watt cpuminer data

PassMark PerformanceTest

It’s a double-whammy of closely fought battles here, with the Libre Computer Alta and Pi 5 both offering 194 points per watt, and the N100 edging out the ROCK 5B by a single point.

raspberry pi 5 review performance per watt passmark data

Conclusion: Final Pi 5 Thoughts

It’s undoubtedly a big improvement over its older sibling and a worthwhile upgrade if you can make use of the additional horsepower the updated Broadcom SoC brings to the table. The performance per dollar charts show that the Pi 5 really is a compelling offer, though when it comes to performance per watt, things are a little different and it really struggles. Whilst the 5B and N100 aren’t exactly comparable, the Libre Computer Alta offering the same, or better performance per watt may be something those of you on batteries/solar may want to look into.

It does need some additional purchases though to get the most out of it. Thanks to the new power requirements (I’m still a little confused on 5V5A but I digress) you’re almost certainly going to want to purchase the official power supply and given the heat output, the active cooler is probably a good shout too. Thankfully for us, these add-ons aren’t too expensive and don’t bump the overall outlay up too much.

It’s a nice product and as always, the support and community around it will mean it’ll have great success when they’re finally available in big enough numbers but in my opinion, I would recommend sitting down and asking yourself what it is you’re wanting to do exactly. If you just want the latest, go for it, pick one up. If you have a specific use case in mind that doesn’t require the increase in power, perhaps looking into a (possibly used) Raspberry Pi 4 would make sense.

I’m torn really. I like the ideas, updated connectors, and the additional performance but when the latter comes at the cost of almost certainly needing some form of active cooling to keep things in check for anything more than an idler, was it the right move? Let me know in the comments what you’re using yours for and if you agree with my thoughts. I welcome being called wrong.

Related posts: Raspberry Pi 5 NVMe BootUSB Boot Raspberry Pi 552pi ICE Tower Cooler ReviewFLIRC Pi 5 Case Review

Edit History

  • 21-11-2023 08:09UTC
  • Added clarification surrounding the prices in the performance per dollar comparison being before-tax prices.
  • Updated the price of the N100 Mini PC as this included 25% sales tax by mistake and didn’t reflect the current price (changed from $154 to $134.) The table and graphs have been updated to reflect this new value.
  • Added missing data regarding thermal throttling to the Temperatures section of the test.
  • Added a clearer note to show the scaling governor in use for the power consumption tests.

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Kino13 20/11/2023 - 20:13

Those are not realistic prices, at least for Europe. And honestly is a bit annoying. 76$ at the moment of writing this from an official store for a raspi5 4gigs “naked”. You need to add the cooler/fan, the power source and the case. That’s not counting storage or other peripherals. Unfortunately, the raspi4 is just 4$ cheaper than the 5.

Bret 20/11/2023 - 20:19

I assume the $76 you’re referring to there though includes VAT/sales tax as you mentioned Europe? All of the prices I quoted are without that as I can’t possibly cover every different countries rate of sales tax for comparison here so I went with what was available without the tax added. I can make that point a little clearer but I’m not too sure what else I could do for the other points as I’m comparing them all like for like? Though saying that, the N100 option actually becomes very good value as it came with cooling, case, PSU, WiFi card etc.

It’s also worth noting the prices I’ve displayed are for the board configurations I tested specifically so if you’re comparing different configurations (such as 4/8GB Pi 4 models) then that may be skewing things too. Even here in Sweden, I’m able to get the 2GB Pi 4 from the official retailer for a couple of dollars above what I listed in the article once you factor in the sales tax difference, so I think that may be where we’re getting confused here :D

EDIT: Actually! Double checking this shows that I made an error on the N100 Mini PC price as that’s including the sales tax. I’ll re-do that graph and update the section to include a note about tax and the updated N100 value.

Meco 22/11/2023 - 10:46

Beautiful and in-depth summary!
One thing I’d be curious about is it’s hardware video performance. How many fps it can push decoding 1080/4k H264/H265, maybe even with Dav1D vor AV1 and also encoding since they dropped hardware support for that.

Bret 22/11/2023 - 16:09

Thanks! I’ll add this to my list but I’m not sure when I can get around to it as I have so much going on in the pipeline at the moment :( If and when I do, I’ll let you know here!

Jeroen Wolf 24/11/2023 - 06:43

Hi Bret, as always a very indept review regarding this long a waited new member of the Pi family. Thx (again) for doing this. Also super, the head to head with a few of the other SBC currently available. I think key here is software and community support. If the Pi looses that position it would still be a nice sbc, but also a power hungry device. It all comes down to the use case/situation where you want to implement such a machine. For battery/portable use cases other SBC’s would be a better choice. In situations where you have access to an ac wall outlet this could be solution. But a SBC with for example a RK3588 SOC could also very work.

Keep up to good work Bret. Hope to read more reviews from your backlog. I like the systematic approach you use/procedure you take of them 👍😀

Cheers, Jeroen

Bret 04/12/2023 - 13:58

Hey, Jeroen! Sorry, late reply :( Indeed, if you were wanting max power/performance out of the Pi 5 then it wouldn’t be ideal on a battery, though it may fare a little better if you leave it on the ondemand scheduler. Realistically though I can’t see it being a device you’d want to have on a battery though given its requirements :D Appreciate the kind wrods though, as always!

dmc 15/12/2023 - 13:47

Really nice charts about different aspects, but I can’t understand why You assumed that rock 5B is $157? Raspberry boards are announced at some base price but sooner or later they are bit more expensive and not available at any quantity. Radxa boards are priced higher at start but You can get them much cheaper on preorder (-$50) or later or some BF promos, i.e. arace sold them at $80 for 4GB and $100 for 8GB. This makes those only bit more expensive than pi5 and changes Your charts significantly. Also there is Orange Pi5+ and FriendlyElec NanoPc-T6 with same RK3588 chip and very similar features, those have different price policy and are usually bit cheaper than non-promo radxa prices and You can just assume that their performance is same as any other board with same SoC.

Bret 15/12/2023 - 18:55

Thanks for the kind words! I didn’t assume the ROCK 5B was $157, that was the price you could buy it at OKdo (+tax/shipping), and if you look at something like rpilocator, you’ll see that the Pi 5 4GB model is available at $60 (+tax/shipping) right now.

I can’t list every possible discount, pre-order price etc, I have to keep it as straightforward as possible. I list the prices you can buy them at right now. If I listed the 5B at a pre-order price, that doesn’t help anyone that buys it now at the standard price, so this is why the prices are what they are, hopefully that makes sense.

dmc 15/12/2023 - 14:02

One thing more, for cost comparison it’s worth to compare whole set:
1. accessories that You was forced to buy (like very fancy, non standard usb-c PD charger)
2. cooling system needed to perform test – pi active cooler is great and board won’t run without it at good performance
3. additional hats if they are needed – also here You need to spend on some of nvme hat for pi5 just to get m.2 port
4. eMMC module if this is the case

This makes fair comparison for different boards. Just think about any application and what is needed to buy or what You probably can find easily at home. This makes comparable set. Pi5 is exceptional here because it comes with new hat+ specs, new POE board, new layout that requires yet another case, special pd charger and HAT for nvme. For me pi5 is not complete product alone and it needs something more to work and I don’t mean something like sd card that is universal and You already have many of them but essential components to get nvme to work.

Bret 15/12/2023 - 18:59

Following on from my previous comment I guess, I can’t possibly cover every single possibility and combination of hardware like this, it would cost an insane amount of money and take an equally insane amount of time to complete :D The idea of the post was to test the raw power of each SBC in an absolutely ideal situation. I tried to make it clear with my test set up that it wasn’t particularly real-world in that sense.

Don’t get me wrong, I do see what you’re saying, but I have to draw the line somewhere I’m afraid. The review focuses heavily on the Pi 5, with additional data where it can be comparable from the other boards, along with a comparison of features without having to spend any additional money. I appreciate you leaving the comments though and thanks for reading the piece!

Home_r 29/02/2024 - 12:03

16 minutes ago

Maybe it help someone like me:

I think Raspberry OS or Raspberry Pi board has a problem with working with a micro SD card that is larger than 32GB (when the operating system is on that micro SD). I’ve tested it on pi 4 and pi 5. The system is unstable. Crash after few days.

Test on: 128Gb – M1AA-1280R12 and 32Gb IR-M2AA-0320R12


-Both cards (128GB x 2 and 32GB x 2) are from the same manufacturer: Goodram.

-The 32GB cards is U3 and the 128GB is U1 – so there is no issue regarding the 128GB being technologically newer (besides, U technology has backward compatibility).

-Both were formatted the same way to FAT32.

-Proper functioning confirmed on both models – Raspberry Pi 4 and Raspberry Pi 5 (on both 128GB had an unstable operating system).

-Both 128Gb cards was bought separately from different source.

After 12 installation OS on 2 x 128 card I bought 32Gb card. For first 20 days on the Pi 5, a 32GB card was used (IR-M2AA-0320R12), while on the other one, my old, slow 16GB micro SD card (which was incompatible according to the raspberry pi diagnostics test ). Both worked correctly! The one with the 16GB card kept crashing the browser, but the system was stable. After that both are running on the new IR-M2AA-0320R12 cards (pi 5 – 26day; pi 4 – 6days).


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