Orange Pi 5 Plus Review

by Bret
Published: Last Updated on 33 minutes read

Hot on the heels of my Radxa ROCK 5B review, we have another Rockchip RK3588 board to take a look at, the Orange Pi 5 Plus.

It feels like it’s been a crazy year for Orange Pi, as we’ve had the Orange P 5, 5B, 5 Plus, 3B, Zero 3, CM4, and W2 boards all released one after the other (and I’m probably forgetting some), with eMMC sockets and modules also coming in. It really feels like Orange Pi is trying to pump out as many boards as they can this year and that in itself is nice on paper as having more options is nice, but how does it stack up in reality?

As mentioned, the Orange Pi 5 Plus is a Rockchip RK3588-based Single Board Computer, so immediately I think of the ROCK 5B as its closest comparison and in this case, we see some very similar traits (which is unsurprising given they share an SoC). Where they differ slightly, though, is the Orange Pi 5 Plus here has 2 2.5Gbit RJ45 Ethernet ports, meaning that it opens itself up to a few more use cases. We also get a full-size HDMI port for HDMI in, which I think is a nice touch, personally.

Orange Pi 5 Plus Software Support


Without wanting to feel like a broken record, the Orange Pi 5 Plus obviously suffers from the same issues that the ROCK 5B (and all other RK3588-based boards) does in that it’s botched together from old kernels and newer-ish security patches. Orange Pi does have its own “Orange Pi OS”, though, and this comes in both Arch Linux and Android flavours. I’m not too sure what to make of them choosing Arch as the base for their own images but hey, to each their own.

Available Operating Systems

The Orange Pi 5 Plus doesn’t seem to have quite as many distributions available for it, though there’s a good enough mix of your standard distributions.

Armbian has its Debian and Ubuntu-based images so if that’s what you prefer, they’re available from their archive (make sure to check the notes, as the default downloads on that link are for the Orange Pi 5, not the 5 Plus).

Windows on the Orange Pi 5 Plus is also available, though based on the “Does not work” list, you’d have to be really curious to play around with it. I am not, so I can’t comment on it, I’m afraid!

As with the ROCK 5B, though, the popular Ubuntu 22.04 image from Joshua Riek is available for the 5 Plus. I’m still yet to test it myself as I like to use the vendor’s own images where possible as this is the image that they want to put out to the world and the one that they advertise.

Getting Started

With the default bootloader, I was able to boot from either a microSD card or an M.2 NVMe SSD so if you have either of those available, pick out your operating system and get to it. To boot from an eMMC module (they were incredibly good value if you picked up the bundle!) I had to flash the updated rkspi_loader.img from Orange Pi’s Google Drive to get this to happen and once that’s done, you can boot from any of the available microSD, eMMC, or M.2 NVMe options.

Orange Pi 5 Plus Specifications

Now I’m getting back into the swing of reviews, I’ll have some more, up to date benchmarks on RK3588 (or similar) boards so I can stop comparing boards to the Raspberry Pi 4, but given that it’s still one of the most popular options out there, I’ll continue to compare things to it.

Raspberry Pi 4 Orange Pi 5 Plus
ProcessorBroadcom BCM2711, Quad-core Cortex-A72 64-bit SoC @ 1.8GHzRockchip RK3588: big.LITTLE Quad-core ARM Cortex-A76 @ 2.4 GHz, Quad-core ARM Cortex-A55 @ 1.8 GHz
RAM2GB LPDDR4-3200 SDRAM (with 1GB, 4GB, and 8GB options)8GB LPDDR 4x (with 4GB and 16GB options)
Wireless Connectivity2.4 GHz and 5.0 GHz IEEE 802.11ac wireless, Bluetooth 5.0, BLENone by default, WiFi 6E and BTE 5.2 M.2 add-on card available to purchase
Ethernet1 Gbit Ethernet (with PoE support with optional PoE hat)2×2.5Gbit Ethernet RJ45 port (with PoE support with optional PoE hat)
USB Ports2 USB 3.0 ports; 2 USB 2.0 ports2x USB 3.0 Type-A ports, 1x USB 3.0 Type-C port, 2x USB 2.0 ports
GPIO HeadersRaspberry Pi standard 40-pin GPIO header40-pin GPIO header
Display Output2 × micro-HDMI® ports (up to 4kp60 supported)2x HDMI® 2.1 up to 8Kp60, 1x USB-C via DisplayPort alt. mode up to 8Kp30
Camera Ports2-lane MIPI CSI camera port1x MIPI CSI connectors
Video InputNone1x HDMI input up to 4Kp60
GraphicsBroadcom BCM2711, Quad-core Cortex-A72 (ARM v8) 64-bit SoC @ 1.8GHzMali G610MC4 GPU, 6TOPS NPU, 8K 10-bit encoder, 8K decoder
Audio3.5mm combo-jack3.5mm combo-jack, SPK connector
StorageMicroSD card socketM.2 2280 socket for NVMe SSD (PCIe 3.0 x4), MicroSD card socket, eMMC flash socket
Power Input5V DC via USB-C connector
5V DC via GPIO header
Power over Ethernet (PoE) enabled (with hat)
5V 4A via USB-C connector
5V DC via GPIO header
Power over Ethernet (PoE) enabled (with hat)
Dimensions85.6mm x 56.5mm100 x 75mm (86.5g)
ButtonsNoneMaskROM, Recovery, and Power on/off
ExtrasInfrared Receiver, Onboard Microphone
2-pin 5V fan connector, 2-pin RTC battery connector
3-pin UART/Debug Serial Port
orangepi5plus above labelled
Image courtesy of Orange Pi

Testing Details

We’re working with the 8GB RAM model for these tests, running Orange Pi’s own Ubuntu image (22.04 Jammy Jellyfish) which comes with everyone’s friend, the 5.10.110-rockchip-rk3588 vendor kernel. All benchmarking was performed whilst booting from the NVMe drive and 3 120mm fans provided the cooling we needed to keep everything chilly to prevent thermal throttling.

All single-core tests were run 3 times on each type of CPU core, with the values presented being the average of those 3 runs. The same goes for multi-core, though these were just run on all CPU cores, obviously!

Orange Pi 5 Plus Compute Benchmarks

The usual couple of CPU/compute benchmarks are up first, with UnixBench and 7zip to see how they compare (if you didn’t see my last couple of reviews, Geekbench 6 has been dropped due to them making some strange decisions with licensing so including them would mean going back to a lot of manual work with hours of wasted time on needless tests so no thanks).


Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - UnixBench Single Core Results
Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - UnixBench Multi-Core Results

7-Zip Benchmark

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - 7zip Benchmark Results

Orange Pi 5 Plus Crypto Benchmarks

The cryptographic tests show a similar story. The WireGuard throughput test is creating interfaces and then simultaneously pushing and receiving data as fast as it can which thoroughly tests the CPU’s ability to encrypt and decrypt data at the same time. Having many faster cores certainly helps, as you can see! This pattern runs true throughout the crypto tests, though the Raspberry Pi 4 doesn’t actually come with the ARM crypto extensions so it’s fighting a losing battle from the start, sadly.

OpenSSL Benchmark

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - OpenSSL Benchmark Results

WireGuard Benchmark

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - WireGuard Benchmark Results

cpuminer-multi Benchmark

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - cpuminer-multi results

Orange Pi 5 Plus Software Benchmarks

These single-core tests show what you can expect if you have a single-threaded workload in your software. The Raspberry Pi 4’s A72 cores do manage to stand their own against the Orange Pi 5 Plus’ Cortex-A55 core cluster despite the latter’s higher frequencies but when it comes to the Cortex-A76 cores on the 5 Plus, the poor Raspberry didn’t stand a chance.


Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - PHPBench Benchmark


Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - PyBench Results

WavPack Audio Encoding

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - WavPack Audio Encode Results

Orange Pi 5 Plus Network Benchmarks

On the network side of things we have the 2 2.5GbE RJ45 Ethernet ports that were mentioned earlier and unlike some boards where 1 is “native” and the other is connected via USB internally, these are actually connected via a PCIe lane which should offer better performance, especially if you’re wanting to push both of them to their max.

At the time of writing, I’m still waiting for my nice new 2.5Gbit switch to arrive so that I can blast both ports at the same time to see how it handles this, for now, I’ve tested both ports independently and they each have no issues, as you’d expect.

Another caveat (sorry, not sorry) is that I don’t have the official Orange Pi M.2 PCIe WiFi card, so I’ll be re-using the Radxa Realtek RTL8852BE-based card that I do have for the WiFi tests. The Orange Pi card does use a different WiFi chip (AMPAK AP6275P) so it would be nice to try and get my hands on one of those so I can do testing on both in the future.


Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - Ethernet Network Throughput Results


Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - WiFi Network Throughput Results

Orange Pi 5 Plus Storage Benchmarks


I’m hoping to have additional M.2 NVMe SSDs to test with in the future but for now, I’m afraid we’re still stuck with me testing the Crucial P3 Plus (Sabrent, Samsung, anyone that doesn’t begin with S, I’m still open to DMs..) and it scored 569MB/s, 394MB/s, 525MB/s, and 339MB/s for sequential reads, sequential writes, random reads and random writes respectively.


For the first time on an Orange Pi board (for me, until I test the 3B that I have sat here!) we’re going to be testing an eMMC module that’s also Orange Pi branded. For this, I’m using a 32GB module which shows up as a “Foresee A3A551 HS400 Enhanced strobe eMMC 5.1” module, manufactured in 01/2022. I’ve not heard of Foresee as a brand before, though it looks to be owned by Longsys now (who purchased the Lexar brand and manufactured the Amazon Basics microSD cards that always test very well in SBCs!) so there are likely to be no issues. It’s also popped up in NanoPi boards as their onboard eMMC, so some of you may already be aware of them.

Getting to the results though, we don’t see any surprises. It offers a solid middle ground between microSD cards and an NVMe SSD, with the benefit of it being a replaceable part, unlike boards that may solder it directly to the board.

Blocksize (KB)Write (MB/s)Read (MB/s)Random Read (MB/s)Random Write (MB/s)

microSD Card

microSD card performance is really getting quite predictable with the lineup of cards that I have here, though it’s always nice to include the data anyway as someone may find it useful! It’s always nice to be able to quickly write an image to an SD card and be up and running quickly when testing. A small note, too, is that the microSD card is a lovely spring-loaded connector and not a cheaper one where you’re not quite sure if it’s in properly and half of it’s hanging out. Kudos, Orange Pi!

Board NameSequential Read (MB/s)Sequential Write (MB/s)4K Random Read (MB/s)4K Random Write (MB/s)
Sandisk Ultra (8GB)27.39.1360.61
Sandisk Ultra (16GB)36.3711.1811.822.42
Sandisk Ultra (32GB)33.914.0312.042.47
Sandisk Extreme (64GB)32.5420.6512.794.01
Sandisk Extreme PRO (128GB)35.423.4310.883.85
Kingston Canvas Select Plus (32GB)48.7417.068.652.4
KIOXIA EXCERIA (32GB)36.7613.2113.155.33
Samsung EVO Plus (32GB)52.1111.7313.682.24
Amazon Basics (64GB)53.431.2617.075.88
Amazon Basics (128GB)54.423.2216.314.24
Verbatim Premium (16GB)33.328.9910.613.22
SanDisk MAX ENDURANCE (32GB)37.7820.0512.253.36
Integral ultima PRO (64GB)13.8511.464.064.38
Patriot EP Series (64GB)54.3826.0210.423.42
Kodak (64GB)44.0618.655.311.2
Intenso (64GB)51.6427.3816.925.49
Transcend (32GB)5518.1716.664.58
Samsung EVO Select (32GB)54.0413.7414.582.77
Samsung PRO Plus (128GB)50.1820.316.692.91
SanDisk HIGH ENDURANCE (64GB)34.9220.5593.09
Samsung PRO Endurance (32GB)55.4816.4215.362.98
Silicon Power 3D NAND (32GB)52.7217.9816.893.68
Western Digital Purple QD101 (32GB)31.4316.269.913.84
Corsair P3 Plus NVMe (500GB)569.09394.63525.56339.11
orangepi5plus below
Image courtesy of OrangePi

USB Benchmarks

The trusty USB-attached SATA3 SSD and a 1 Gbit USB Ethernet adapters are out again to see how the USB3 (Type A) ports on the Orange Pi 5 Plus perform in some fairly intensive real-world usage.


Blocksize (KB)Write (MB/s)Read (MB/s)Random Read (MB/s)Random Write (MB/s)

USB3 1Gbit Ethernet

Nothing too interesting to note here, we’re maxing out the adapter at 1Gbit speeds with 941 / 941Mbit so if that’s your jam, it’s going to be good. When my 2.5Gbit adapters rock up in the next week, I’ll update this to see how that performs, though I don’t expect the RK3588 to struggle.

Orange Pi 5 Plus Temperatures

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - Temperature Data

Orange Pi 5 Plus Power Consumption

Orange Pi 5 Plus Review - Power Consumption / Power Draw

Thoughts & Notes from Testing – The Good

Storage Device Availability

Now this may seem like an odd one and was likely a quick fix on the ROCK 5B, however, on the Orange Pi Ubuntu image, if I had eMMC and a microSD card connected whilst booting from an NVMe SSD, both of them showed up just fine and were accessible within the operating system. On the ROCK 5B I was unable to access eMMC if I booted from NVMe (it just didn’t show up in the system) on their Ubuntu image so +1 to the Orange Pi.

Overall I/O

The Orange Pi 5 Plus gives us a 2nd 2.5GbE RJ45 ethernet adapter as I alluded to earlier. This gives us plenty of use cases and means you could use your OPi 5 Plus as a router/firewall device if you wanted.

The HDMI input that’s present on many boards of this class also gets what I consider to be an upgrade as it’s a full-size HDMI connection as opposed to micro-HDMI. One less cable/adapter to worry about!

Given we have additional, bigger connectors, how can Orange Pi fit them all in? At first, I was a bit annoyed by the I/O placement but after I thought about it, I realised I actually quite liked it. The HDMI, Ethernet, power, and USB2.0 ports are all on the “back” of the board, so if you had this in a case on a TV stand or a desk, the bulk of the connectors that you’re not going to be playing around with too much are hidden. On the front, we have 3 USB ports (1x USB-C, 2x USB-A), Power and MaskROM buttons, an Infrared receiver, a built-in microphone, and a 3.5mm TRRS audio jack. This is also where your LED lives if you’re interested.

Default APT Repository & Included Packages

I wouldn’t go as far as to say that this is “good” but rather “better”. In the past, booting an Orange Pi image on your new SBC and running an apt update would result in you connecting to the hardcoded Chinese university file mirror at incredibly speedy 10-15KB/s speeds. I’m happy to say though that it seems that this has changed and whilst it’s still not the default Ubuntu mirror, it’s better. The Huawei Cloud mirror that’s baked into the image resulted in a more than respectable 40-50MB/s so they’ve obviously got their own CDN with local PoPs which is nice.

Running an apt update/upgrade via their orangepi-config menu though did result in a mass of packages (including Docker?) being installed so I’m sure something can be tweaked further there to prevent people’s microSD cards and smaller eMMC modules from being filled up if they’re tight on space.

Thoughts & Notes from Testing – The Bad & Ugly

Software Support

It would be harsh of me to go on about the state of the software on other Rockchip RK3588-based SBC reviews and not mention it here, so here I go again (buckle up, it feels like I have many RK3588/s reviews in the pipeline so you’ll be hearing this a lot).

The BSP kernel that Rockchip offers is a mash-up of much, much older kernels and cherry-picked software/security packages thrown in for good measure. Couple that with a lack of mainline support for much of the hardware and we have yet another board that promises big things on the hardware side but falls short due to the software situation. Maybe by 2025, we’ll all be able to use our RK3588 boards.

Where can I buy an Orange Pi 5 Plus?

The best places to pick up the Orange Pi 5 Plus are going to be Amazon if you’re in a location that offers it, or AliExpress everywhere else. As they offer multiple versions and bundles, I’ve included a selection below for you! I’ve only included the boards themselves and the board/eMMC bundles to save a bit of space but they do offer options with a USB-C power adapter included too for a few extra dollars if you don’t already have one.

The * denotes that the Amazon links are affiliate links, meaning that if you click on the link and make a purchase, I may receive a small commission. This goes directly into purchasing more equipment to test!

Orange Pi 5 Plus – 4GB RAMBuy on Amazon*Buy on AliExpress
Orange Pi 5 Plus – 8GB RAMBuy on Amazon*Buy on AliExpress
Orange Pi 5 Plus – 16GB RAMBuy on Amazon*Buy on AliExpress
Orange Pi 5 Plus – 16GB RAM – 256GB eMMCBuy on Amazon*Buy on AliExpress
Orange Pi 5 Plus – 4GB RAM – 32GB eMMCBuy on AliExpress
Orange Pi 5 Plus – 8GB RAM – 64GB eMMCBuy on AliExpress

Conclusion: Is Orange Pi better than Raspberry Pi?

Other RK3588 boards have been called the Raspberry Pi Killer but is the Orange Pi 5 Plus? Well.. In terms of hardware, it’s obviously light years ahead but that’s not surprising when you look at their specifications. Like every other RK3588 board though, it’s let down by the software situation and nothing’s going to change on that front until full mainline support is available and we’re a good way off of that as yet.

If you’re after a headless server with more grunt than the Pi 4 then absolutely, go for the Orange Pi 5 Plus, just know that you’re likely going to have some teething issues if this is your first foray away from the Raspberry Pi ecosystem and you’re going to be waiting a little longer for help or dig a bit deeper in some forums to get the answer you want. For the most part, you’re going to be fine.

If you want to have a small desktop replacement then you’re going to need to temper your expectations. The mainline support that we’d need to guarantee good support for the GPU just isn’t there and you’re going to be relying on 3rd party software repositories and putting up with some quirks. From what I can tell, the Ubuntu image from Joshua linked earlier in the article is probably your best option. It comes with everything you need GPU-wise pre-installed and I’ve heard good things about it.

Yet again, we have some nice hardware being held back by software and once we get to a point where that software is ready, these Rockchip boards are going to be a lot more compelling to a wider audience and I look forward to it.

Are they the best value option out there in terms of raw performance and user experience? Probably not. Intel’s newer low-power chips definitely give them a run for the money on both of those counts. For a pure ARM experience, though, the Orange Pi 5 Plus is a great value option for those wanting to get their hands on a fully-fledged RK3588 and let their imagination run wild, so I’d recommend it to those looking to tinker with ARM’s latest and greatest at a nice price-point!

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citral 20/09/2023 - 15:13

I fail to be excited, a N100 is in the same price range, consumes about the same, blows it completely, runs everything and anything with mainline linux, no crap device tree, and exists in passive formats.

Arm is good as long as it’s really low power and passive, with 12W TDP it’s not very interesting anymore with the progress made on x86 nowadays tbh. Add 3W and you get a 5600U, that’s complete night and day in terms of perfs…

Bret 20/09/2023 - 15:14

You type this whilst I’m in the midst of writing a piece entitled “Intel N100: A Challenge to ARM” :-D

citral 20/09/2023 - 21:16

Hehe, yeah as much as I was eager to call x86_64 dead 2 or 3 years ago, the node improvements have made it so much compelling lately I’m not sure anymore. If a newer N100 comes out with dual channel ram and 2x the gpu power in a few years, it’s actually ARM that will be dead at this pace.

The future of SBC is probably with risc-v, and a more sensible solution than devicetrees like UEFI anyway. Working on ancient MIPS they are already a PITA for very simple socs, for contemporary very complex socs it’s a nightmare, a single person can’t realistically maintain that, you need multiple people working on a modern arm soc.

Plus most vendors don’t even publish a programming manual, so everything needs to be reverse-engineered. Ingenic had that going for it, relatively easy to write everything from scratch and mainline it, opposite of allwinner, amlogic etc.

ieozjfoif 27/09/2023 - 13:17

I agree, I just ordered an Asus PN42 (Intel N100/200) which is less sexy on paper (nvme pci gen3, only ddr4 memory), but is fanless, comes with a case, and will work without much trouble with an up to date linux kernel (with a lot of nice things for btrfs which I plan to use). ARM boards are mainly throw away devices after a couple of years…

Bret 27/09/2023 - 14:11

Ooh, nice! I’ve been running the ASUS PN50 with a 4700u Ryzen for a couple of years now and the newer passive ones in that range look very nice too.

Ben 16/10/2023 - 16:32

Not finding the article about “Intel N100: A Challenge to ARM” but from my experience just getting a Chuwie LarkBox X (N100 version). Incredible power efficiency. 6 a 7W under Windows but the moment you remove the Wifi card and change the nvme drive (turning it into a mini nas with 4TB), say hello to 3.5W idle! That is just amazing to see…

All that for 160 euro, that inc 12GB memory, 512GB storage, Wifi, box, power supply, fan. A 80 Euro Pi5 ends up way more expensive if we tack on the differences. Hell, that assumes you can even get them at 80 euro. They cost here 100+ Euro just for the 8GB version board.

Bret 17/10/2023 - 11:18

I should have that piece up in the next few days, though it may spill into next week as I have family visiting :-( My post will use the T9 Plus Mini PC available on AliExpress, it was the 16GB RAM model for around $155USD at the time!

Bret 25/10/2023 - 21:46

Just to let you know, my N100 piece has now been published at

Icontr 03/11/2023 - 06:59

I also have an N100 on a ZX05 with 12GB DDR5 4800, SSD 128GB, I bought it for $130)) But I ordered Orange 5+. Interesting and educational. I’m not going to switch to ARM completely, but this device can be useful as an HA or home cloud, server or router))


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